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mysql数据库学习笔记之常用操作命令_MySQL

mysql数据库学习笔记之常用操作命令
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mysql数据库学习笔记之常用操作命令

1、创建数据库

mysql> create database user;

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

2、使用此数据库

mysql> use user;

Database changed

3、在此数据库上创建表

mysql> create table person(

-> id int unsigned not null auto_increment primary key,

-> name varchar(30)

-> );

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

4、查看此person表的表结构

mysql> desc person;

+-------+------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+

| Field | Type | Null | Key | Default | Extra |

+-------+------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+

| id | int(10) unsigned | NO | PRI | NULL | auto_increment |

| name | varchar(30) | YES | | NULL | |

+-------+------------------+------+-----+---------+----------------+

2 rows in set (0.00 sec)

5、创建person_bak,并是此表的表结构与person一样,即复制person的表结构

mysql> create table person_bak like person;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

6、向person表中插入数据

mysql> insert into person (name) values ("user1");

Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

7、将person表中的数据复制到person_bak表中

mysql> insert into person_bak select * from person;

Query OK, 10 rows affected (0.01 sec)

Records: 10 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0

8、向person表中创建name列的索引

方法一:

mysql> create index in_name on person (name);

Query OK, 10 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Records: 10 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0

方法二:

mysql> alter table person add index in_name (name);

Query OK, 10 rows affected (0.01 sec)

Records: 10 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0

9、查看索引

mysql> show index from person;

+--------+------------+----------+--------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+

| Table | Non_unique | Key_name | Seq_in_index | Column_name | Collation | Cardinality | Sub_part | Packed | Null | Index_type | Comment |

+--------+------------+----------+--------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+

| person | 0 | PRIMARY | 1 | id | A | 10 | NULL | NULL | | BTREE | |

| person | 1 | in_name | 1 | name | A | NULL | NULL | NULL | YES | BTREE | |

+--------+------------+----------+--------------+-------------+-----------+-------------+----------+--------+------+------------+---------+

2 rows in set (0.01 sec)

10、在person表中创建唯一索引

mysql> alter table person add unique index un_name (name);

Query OK, 10 rows affected (0.01 sec)

Records: 10 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0

11、修改列的属性

mysql> alter table person modify name varchar(20);

Query OK, 10 rows affected (0.01 sec)

Records: 10 Duplicates: 0 Warnings: 0

12、统计表中的数据数据

mysql> select count(*) from person;

+----------+

| count(*) |

+----------+

| 10 |

+----------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

13、创建一个视图

mysql> create view v_person as select * from person;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

14、查看视图(和查看表的命令一样)

当删除表中的某条记录时,相应的此表对应的视图中的满足条件的记录也将会被删除掉

mysql> show tables;

+----------------+

| Tables_in_user |

+----------------+

| person |

| person_bak |

| v_person |

+----------------+

3 rows in set (0.00 sec)

15、删除视图

mysql> drop view v_person;

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

16、字符串连接函数---concat("string1","string2") 别名

mysql> select concat("li","haichao") myname;

+-----------+

| myname |

+-----------+

| lihaichao |

+-----------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

17、大写转换成小写的函数---lcase(string1)

mysql> select lcase("LHC");

+--------------+

| lcase("LHC") |

+--------------+

| lhc |

+--------------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

18、将字符串转换成大写的函数----ucase(string1);

mysql> select ucase("lhc");

+--------------+

| ucase("lhc") |

+--------------+

| LHC |

+--------------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

19、判断字符串长度的函数length(string1);

mysql> select length("lhc");

+---------------+

| length("lhc") |

+---------------+

| 3 |

+---------------+

1 row in set (0.02 sec)

20、去除前端和后端的空格函数 ltrim()和rtrim()

21、将指定的字符串重复n次,repeat(string ,count)

mysql> select repeat("linux",3);

+-------------------+

| repeat("linux",3) |

+-------------------+

| linuxlinuxlinux |

+-------------------+

1 row in set (0.02 sec)

22、字符串替换函数

在"linux is very good"中寻找linux,并将其替换成php

mysql> select replace("linux is very good","linux","php");

+---------------------------------------------+

| replace("linux is very good","linux","php") |

+---------------------------------------------+

| php is very good |

+---------------------------------------------+

1 row in set (0.01 sec)

23、字符串截取函数substring("str",int 1,int 2)

在str字符串中从int1开始(从1计)到int2结束(包含),取其字段

mysql> select substring("linux is very good",1,5);

+-------------------------------------+

| substring("linux is very good",1,5) |

+-------------------------------------+

| linux |

+-------------------------------------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

24、space()函数:生成空格的函数,通常与concat函数一起使用

mysql> select concat(space(50),"linux");

+---------------------------------------------------------+

| concat(space(50),"linux") |

+---------------------------------------------------------+

| linux |

+---------------------------------------------------------+

1 row in set (0.02 sec)

25、十进制转二进制函数BIN()

mysql> select BIN(255);

+----------+

| BIN(255) |

+----------+

| 11111111 |

+----------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

26、向上取整函数CEILING(),比如5.6则为6,向下取整floor(),比如5.6则为5

mysql> select ceiling(5.6);

+--------------+

| ceiling(5.6) |

+--------------+

| 6 |

+--------------+

1 row in set (0.01 sec)

************************************************************************

mysql> select floor(5.6);

+------------+

| floor(5.6) |

+------------+

| 5 |

+------------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

27、取最大值和最小值

select sutdent_name,MIN(test_score),MAX(test_score) from student group by student_name;

28、返回随机数:RAND()

mysql> select ceiling( 10*RAND());

+---------------------+

| ceiling( 10*RAND()) |

+---------------------+

| 4 |

+---------------------+

1 row in set (0.00 sec)

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