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初始化mysql的数据库失败怎么办

初始化mysql数据库失败的解决办法:首先找到并打开my.ini文件;然后注释掉my.ini文件中的datadir;最后根据提示把UTF8换成UTF8MB4即可。

初始化mysql数据库失败的解决办法:首先找到并打开my.ini文件;然后注释掉my.ini文件中的datadir;最后根据提示把UTF8换成UTF8MB4即可。

数据库初始化时命令行出现的报错如下:

C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin>mysqld --initialize --console
2019-08-24T13:33:22.622321Z 0 [System] [MY-013169] [Server] C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin\mysqld.exe (mysqld 8.0.17) initializing of server in progress as process 8404
2019-08-24T13:33:22.624188Z 0 [Warning] [MY-013243] [Server] --character-set-server: The character set UTF8MB3 is deprecated and will be removed in a future release. Please consider using UTF8MB4 instead.
2019-08-24T13:33:22.625619Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-010457] [Server] --initialize specified but the data directory has files in it. Aborting.
2019-08-24T13:33:22.625635Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-013236] [Server] The designated data directory C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\data\ is unusable. You can remove all files that the server added to it.
2019-08-24T13:33:22.643590Z 0 [ERROR] [MY-010119] [Server] Aborting
2019-08-24T13:33:22.643744Z 0 [System] [MY-010910] [Server] C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin\mysqld.exe: Shutdown complete (mysqld 8.0.17)  MySQL Community Server - GPL.

总流程

C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin>mysqld --initialize --console
2019-08-24T13:37:11.590803Z 0 [System] [MY-013169] [Server] C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin\mysqld.exe (mysqld 8.0.17) initializing of server in progress as process 2484
2019-08-24T13:37:15.862830Z 5 [Note] [MY-010454] [Server] A temporary password is generated for root@localhost: 37swG%65Qjf1
2019-08-24T13:37:17.783854Z 0 [System] [MY-013170] [Server] C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin\mysqld.exe (mysqld 8.0.17) initializing of server has completed

C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin>mysqld --install
The service already exists!
The current server installed: C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin\mysqld.exe MySQL

C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin>net start mysql
MySQL 服务正在启动 .
MySQL 服务已经启动成功。


C:\mysql-8.0.17-winx64\bin>mysql -u root -p
Enter password: ************
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 8
Server version: 8.0.17

Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY '111111';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql>

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