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PHP框架性能测试报告_php技巧-php教程

本文给大家分享的是常见的几款php框架在不同情况下的性能测试报告,给大家在选择框架的时候提供些帮助。
作为一个PHP开发者,而且是初创企业团队的技术开发者,选择开发框架是个很艰难的事情。

用ThinkPHP的话,招聘一个刚从培训机构出来的开发者就可以上手了,但是性能和后期代码解耦是个让人头疼的事情。不过很多第三方功能不需要自己写,众多大牛已经给铺好路了。

用Laravel的话,传说写起来很爽扩展性也够,但是学习成本有点高,总不能给初级开发者半个月的时间去学习框架吧。而且据说江湖人士透漏,Laravel性能不怎么样,文档也并不是特别丰富。

用Yii的话,语法有点啰嗦,前后端代码分离有点小麻烦,不过性能是非常好的,而且已经有众多国内大公司在使用了,出现意外可以快速的找到大牛答疑解惑。

不如做个简单的性能评测,选个性能出色的总不会出错

性能测试
测试时间: 2016年05月06日
测试工具: siege (因为MAC系统的ab总是会出现 pr_socket_recv: Connection reset by peer (54) 的错误,所以选择了siege)
测试机器: MacPro Core i5 处理器/8GB内存/256GB SSD闪存
测试环境: Apache PHP5.6
框架版本: ThinkPHP 3.2.3 Laravel 5.2 Yii2.0.5
测试原则: 每次测试循环5次,取中等数据
补充说明:所有项目都是让在子目录中

结果说明

Transactions:        2119 hits 处理请求总数量
Availability:        96.85 % 可用性
Elapsed time:        9.74 secs 运行时间
Data transferred:      1.31 MB 数据传输量
Response time:        0.60 secs 响应时间
Transaction rate:     217.56 trans/sec 每秒处理效率
Throughput:        0.13 MB/sec 每秒处理数据
Concurrency:       130.28 并发
Successful transactions:    2162 成功的请求
Failed transactions:       69 失败的请求
Longest transaction:      2.85 最长的单个请求
Shortest transaction:      0.01 最短的单个请求

开始测试

增加一个控制器,并在控制器中输入10000次HelloWorld

并发50循环10次:

首先向我们走来的是ThinkPHP,看上去还行

Transactions:         500 hits
Availability:       100.00 %
Elapsed time:        2.81 secs
Data transferred:      52.45 MB
Response time:        0.26 secs
Transaction rate:     177.94 trans/sec
Throughput:        18.67 MB/sec
Concurrency:        47.10
Successful transactions:     500
Failed transactions:        0
Longest transaction:      0.48
Shortest transaction:      0.03

然后是Laravle,嗯,略微有些失望

Transactions:         500 hits
Availability:       100.00 %
Elapsed time:        13.33 secs
Data transferred:      52.45 MB
Response time:        1.27 secs
Transaction rate:      37.51 trans/sec
Throughput:        3.93 MB/sec
Concurrency:        47.55
Successful transactions:     500
Failed transactions:        0
Longest transaction:      3.64
Shortest transaction:      0.07

最后赛前比较看好的Yii

Transactions:         500 hits
Availability:       100.00 %
Elapsed time:        4.84 secs
Data transferred:      52.45 MB
Response time:        0.46 secs
Transaction rate:     103.31 trans/sec
Throughput:        10.84 MB/sec
Concurrency:        47.65
Successful transactions:     500
Failed transactions:        0
Longest transaction:      0.88
Shortest transaction:      0.04

并发200循环10次:

首先是ThinkPHP

Transactions:        1977 hits
Availability:        98.85 %
Elapsed time:        10.03 secs
Data transferred:     207.40 MB
Response time:        0.95 secs
Transaction rate:     197.11 trans/sec
Throughput:        20.68 MB/sec
Concurrency:       187.68
Successful transactions:    1977
Failed transactions:       23
Longest transaction:      1.22
Shortest transaction:      0.02

然后是Laravel

Transactions:        1890 hits
Availability:        94.50 %
Elapsed time:        51.85 secs
Data transferred:     198.27 MB
Response time:        4.88 secs
Transaction rate:      36.45 trans/sec
Throughput:        3.82 MB/sec
Concurrency:       178.00
Successful transactions:    1890
Failed transactions:       110
Longest transaction:      26.01
Shortest transaction:      0.07

最后是Yii

Transactions:        1996 hits
Availability:        99.80 %
Elapsed time:        18.95 secs
Data transferred:     209.39 MB
Response time:        1.79 secs
Transaction rate:     105.33 trans/sec
Throughput:        11.05 MB/sec
Concurrency:       188.57
Successful transactions:    1996
Failed transactions:        4
Longest transaction:      3.29
Shortest transaction:      0.10

没想到在没有优化的情况下,ThinkPHP的速度是最快的,Yii略微多一些,Laravel步履蹒跚的跑完了测试。结果是有些出人意料的,不过上述的测试只代表了开发环境,下面会对框架进行优化,模拟线上环境。

优化框架

ThinkPHP:

APP_DEBUG改为false


Laravel:

APP_DEBUG改为false
php artisan route:cache
php artisan optimize
php artisan config:cache
composer dumpautoload -o

Yii:

YII_DEBUG改为false
composer dumpautoload -o
并发200循环10次:

ThinkPHP

Transactions:        1655 hits
Availability:        82.75 %
Elapsed time:        8.21 secs
Data transferred:     173.62 MB
Response time:        0.69 secs
Transaction rate:     201.58 trans/sec
Throughput:        21.15 MB/sec
Concurrency:       139.29
Successful transactions:    1655
Failed transactions:       345
Longest transaction:      7.83
Shortest transaction:      0.00

Laravel:

Transactions:        1520 hits
Availability:        76.00 %
Elapsed time:        34.95 secs
Data transferred:     159.45 MB
Response time:        3.15 secs
Transaction rate:      43.49 trans/sec
Throughput:        4.56 MB/sec
Concurrency:       136.84
Successful transactions:    1520
Failed transactions:       480
Longest transaction:      19.18
Shortest transaction:      0.00

Yii:

Transactions:        1704 hits
Availability:        85.20 %
Elapsed time:        15.16 secs
Data transferred:     178.76 MB
Response time:        1.46 secs
Transaction rate:     112.40 trans/sec
Throughput:        11.79 MB/sec
Concurrency:       164.21
Successful transactions:    1704
Failed transactions:       296
Longest transaction:      9.04
Shortest transaction:      0.00

比较奇怪的一点,当框架关掉调试模式后都出现了较多失败的情况。不过明显的看到,Laravel进行简单的优化后,性能大大的提升了,但还是低于其他两个框架。

结论

在测试的过程中,其他我的心情是沮丧的,感觉自己的三观世界已经崩塌了,崩塌至渣。

ThinkPHP的性能比Yii高出一倍,比Laravel高出近四倍
Yii的性能比较中庸,但是在测试中会明显发现请求失败的情况比其他两个框架要少
Laravel依旧优雅,不过性能堪忧,用网友的话形容比较好 学之者生用之者死

最后

我的项目最后使用了自建框架进行开发,得益于composer的强大,开发的过程非常顺利,最后附上自有框架在200并发10次循环的数据,框架开源但是更新比较忙,欢迎在github上搜索PPPHP,和我一起搭建框架。

Transactions:        1672 hits
Availability:        83.60 %
Elapsed time:        6.18 secs
Data transferred:     175.40 MB
Response time:        0.57 secs
Transaction rate:     270.55 trans/sec
Throughput:        28.38 MB/sec
Concurrency:       153.16
Successful transactions:    1672
Failed transactions:       328
Longest transaction:      4.57
Shortest transaction:      0.01
吐了个 "CAO" !
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