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Oracle有表连接的connectby的优化

有1个有表连接,还有connectby的SQL,整了好几天才优化成功,感觉像游戏中打死了只大boss一样。现将这个过程整理一下。

有1个有表连接,还有connect by 的SQL,整了好几天才优化成功,感觉像游戏中打死了只大boss一样。现将这个过程整理一下。

说明

有1个有表连接,还有connect by 的SQL,整了好几天才优化成功,感觉像游戏中打死了只大boss一样。现将这个过程整理一下。

优化前:

SELECT r.OUT_VER_BEGIN_IDdataID

FROM DMS_DATA_RELA r, DMS_OBJ o

WHERE r.DELETE_FLAG = '0'

AND r.RELA_TYPE_CODE = 'parent'

AND r.OUT_OBJ_CODE = o.OBJ_CODE

AND o.DELETE_FLAG = '0'

AND o.OPEN_STATE = '1'

AND r.IN_OBJ_CODE != 'o_in'

START WITH r.IN_DATA_ID in

(SELECT d.OUT_DATA_ID

FROM DMS_DATA_RELA d

r.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID

优化后:

我把这个SQL先做了connect by 循环,然后再与另1个表做了连接,效果超好,我从李华值 《海量数据库解决方案》3.2.5 找到相关例子,并有这样的说明 : ”如果查询条件中的列位于同一表中时,并没有必要优先执行表连接“

select dataID

from(SELECT r.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID dataID, r.out_obj_code

FROM DMS_DATA_RELA r

WHERE r.DELETE_FLAG = '0'

AND r.RELA_TYPE_CODE = 'parent'

AND r.IN_OBJ_CODE != 'o_in'

STARTWITH r.IN_DATA_ID in

(SELECT d.OUT_DATA_ID

FROM DMS_DATA_RELA d

where d.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID=:1

and d.last_curent_flag= '1')

CONNECT BY r.IN_VER_BEGIN_ID = PRIOR r.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID) e,

DMS_OBJ o

wheree.OUT_OBJ_CODE = o.OBJ_CODE

ANDo.DELETE_FLAG = '0'

ANDo.OPEN_STATE = '1'

优化过程:

曾中途一筹莫展时,到刘大的论坛求助过,下面是地址。

下面过程是基于以上的整理。有基本信息和试过的方法

基本信息

基本环境
操作系统:windows server 2008 r2 enterprise





表上记录数

另外表也收集过统计信息了。

表上的列:

SQL> desc DMS_DATA_RELA
Name Type Nullable Default Comments
------------------------------ ------------- -------- ------- --------
RELA_ID CHAR(32)
IN_DATA_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_DATA_NAME VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_DATA_SOURCE_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_DATA_SOURCE_CODE VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_OBJ_CODE VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_VER_BEGIN_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_VER_BEGIN_DATA_SOURCE_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
IN_VER_BEGIN_DATA_SOURCE_CODE VARCHAR2(64) Y
IN_VER_BEGIN_DATA_OBJ_CODE VARCHAR2(64) Y
OUT_DATA_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_DATA_NAME VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_DATA_SOURCE_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_DATA_SOURCE_CODE VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_OBJ_CODE VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_VER_BEGIN_DATA_SOURCE_ID VARCHAR2(200) Y
OUT_VER_BEGIN_DATA_SOURCE_CODE VARCHAR2(64) Y
OUT_VER_BEGIN_DATA_OBJ_CODE VARCHAR2(64) Y
RELA_TYPE_CODE VARCHAR2(200) Y
MIDDLE_OBJ_CODE VARCHAR2(64) Y
LAST_CURENT_FLAG CHAR(1) Y
CREATE_USER_NAME VARCHAR2(200) Y
CREATE_USER_REAL_NAME VARCHAR2(200) Y
CREATE_TIME TIMESTAMP(6) Y
UPDATE_USER_NAME VARCHAR2(200) Y
UPDATE_USER_REAL_NAME VARCHAR2(200) Y
UPDATE_TIME TIMESTAMP(6) Y
DELETE_FLAG CHAR(1) Y
ORDER_NUM NUMBER(10) Y

另外也有人提到清理索引后,效果会好。 首先,索引有些非技术原因不让清理。另外我弄了1个新环境,没有过多索引,试过不同的列上建不同的索引,效果也是一样的。单就此条SQL来说,过多的索引应该影响不大。

有人问索引状态,也一并附上:
SQL> select table_name, index_name,index_type,statusfrom user_indexes where table_name='DMS_DATA_RELA';
TABLE_NAME INDEX_NAME INDEX_TYPE STATUS
------------------------------------------------------------ --------------------------- --------
DMS_DATA_RELA OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA IN_DATA_ID_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA IN_DATA_NAME_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA IN_DATA_SOURCE_CODE_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA IN_DATA_SOURCE_ID_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA IN_OBJ_CODE_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA IN_VER_BEGIN_ID_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA OUT_DATA_NAME_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA OUT_DATA_SOURCE_ID_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA OUT_OBJ_CODE_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA RELA_TYPE_CODE_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA DELETE_FLAG_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA LAST_CURENT_FLAG_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA CREATE_TIME_INDEX FUNCTION-BASED NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA OUT_DATA_ID_INDEX NORMAL VALID
DMS_DATA_RELA PK_DMS_DATA_RELA NORMAL VALID
16 rows selected

我试过物化视图

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW mv_dms_ddr


管理

试过Nested Loop

有人提到nested loop,我前面测过了,效果不怎么好,,现在再把nl的执行计划附上。执行计划是代入变量测的。

代入变量值,不加nl的hint

set autot traceonly

SELECT

r.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID dataID

FROM DMS_DATA_RELA r, DMS_OBJ o

WHERE r.DELETE_FLAG = '0'

AND r.RELA_TYPE_CODE = 'parent'

AND r.OUT_OBJ_CODE = o.OBJ_CODE

AND o.DELETE_FLAG = '0'

AND o.OPEN_STATE = '1'

AND r.IN_OBJ_CODE != 'o_in'

START WITH r.IN_DATA_ID in

(SELECT d.OUT_DATA_ID

FROM DMS_DATA_RELA d

where d.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID = '20130131036703_syspro_o_wbs'

and d.last_curent_flag = '1')

CONNECT BY r.IN_VER_BEGIN_ID = PRIORr.OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID

已用时间: 00: 00: 06.45

执行计划

----------------------------------------------------------

Plan hash value: 3423681500

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| Id | Operation |Name | Rows | Bytes | Cost (%CPU)| Time |

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

| 0| SELECT STATEMENT | | 637K| 92M| 6643 (1)| 00:01:20 |

|* 1| FILTER | | | | | |

|* 2| CONNECT BY WITH FILTERING | | | | | |

|* 3| FILTER | | | | | |

| 4| COUNT | | | | | |

|* 5| HASH JOIN | | 637K| 92M| 6643 (1)| 00:01:20 |

| 6| TABLE ACCESS FULL | DMS_OBJ | 63 | 945 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 |

| 7| TABLE ACCESS FULL | DMS_DATA_RELA | 637K| 83M| 6636 (1)| 00:01:20 |

|* 8| TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID|DMS_DATA_RELA | 1 | 82 | 4 (0)| 00:00:01 |

|* 9| INDEX RANGE SCAN | OUT_DATA_ID_INDEX | 1 | | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 |

|* 10 | HASH JOIN | | | | | |

| 11| CONNECT BY PUMP | | | | | |

| 12| COUNT | | | | | |

|* 13 | HASH JOIN | | 637K| 92M| 6643 (1)| 00:01:20 |

| 14| TABLE ACCESS FULL | DMS_OBJ | 63 | 945 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 |

| 15| TABLE ACCESS FULL | DMS_DATA_RELA | 637K| 83M| 6636 (1)| 00:01:20 |

| 16| COUNT | | | | | |

|* 17 | HASH JOIN | | 637K| 92M| 6643 (1)| 00:01:20 |

| 18| TABLE ACCESS FULL | DMS_OBJ | 63 | 945 | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 |

| 19| TABLE ACCESS FULL | DMS_DATA_RELA | 637K| 83M| 6636 (1)| 00:01:20 |

|* 20 | TABLE ACCESS BY INDEX ROWID | DMS_DATA_RELA | 1 | 82 | 4 (0)| 00:00:01 |

|* 21 | INDEX RANGE SCAN |OUT_DATA_ID_INDEX | 1 | | 3 (0)| 00:00:01 |

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Predicate Information (identified byoperation id):

---------------------------------------------------

1- filter("R"."DELETE_FLAG"='0' AND"R"."RELA_TYPE_CODE"='parent' AND

"O"."DELETE_FLAG"='0' AND"O"."OPEN_STATE"='1' AND"R"."IN_OBJ_CODE"<>'o_in')

2- filter( EXISTS (SELECT 0 FROM "DMS_DATA_RELA" "D" WHERE"D"."OUT_DATA_ID"=:B1 AND

"D"."OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID"='20130131036703_syspro_o_wbs'AND "D"."LAST_CURENT_FLAG"='1'))

3- filter( EXISTS (SELECT 0 FROM "DMS_DATA_RELA" "D" WHERE"D"."OUT_DATA_ID"=:B1 AND

"D"."OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID"='20130131036703_syspro_o_wbs'AND "D"."LAST_CURENT_FLAG"='1'))

5-access("R"."OUT_OBJ_CODE"="O"."OBJ_CODE")

8-filter("D"."OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID"='20130131036703_syspro_o_wbs'AND

"D"."LAST_CURENT_FLAG"='1')

9- access("D"."OUT_DATA_ID"=:B1)

10- access("R"."IN_VER_BEGIN_ID"=NULL)

13-access("R"."OUT_OBJ_CODE"="O"."OBJ_CODE")

17-access("R"."OUT_OBJ_CODE"="O"."OBJ_CODE")

20-filter("D"."OUT_VER_BEGIN_ID"='20130131036703_syspro_o_wbs'AND

"D"."LAST_CURENT_FLAG"='1')

21- access("D"."OUT_DATA_ID"=:B1)

统计信息

----------------------------------------------------------

1 recursive calls

0 db block gets

2103709 consistent gets

0 physical reads

0 redo size

596 bytes sent via SQL*Net toclient

350 bytes received via SQL*Netfrom client

2 SQL*Net roundtrips to/fromclient

4 sorts (memory)

0 sorts (disk)

5 rows processed

更多详情见请继续阅读下一页的精彩内容:

吐了个 "CAO" !
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