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python实现逆波兰计算表达式实例详解

这篇文章主要介绍了python实现逆波兰计算表达式的方法,较为详细的分析了逆波兰表达式的概念及实现技巧,具有一定参考借鉴价值,需要的朋友可以参考下
本文实例讲述了python实现逆波兰计算表达式的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体分析如下:

逆波兰表达式又叫做后缀表达式。在通常的表达式中,二元运算符总是置于与之相关的两个运算对象之间,所以,这种表示法也称为中缀表示。波兰逻辑学家J.Lukasiewicz于1929年提出了另一种表示表达式的方法。按此方法,每一运算符都置于其运算对象之后,故称为后缀表示。

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
symbol_priority = {}
symbol_priority[0] = ['#']
symbol_priority[1] = ['(']
symbol_priority[2] = ['+', '-']
symbol_priority[3] = ['*', '/']
symbol_priority[4] = [')']
def comparePriority(symbol, RPN_stack, symbol_stack):
  '''Compare priority between two symbols'''
  global symbol_priority
  if len(symbol_stack) > 0:
    symbol_pop = symbol_stack.pop()
  else:
    return
  for list in symbol_priority.values():
    if (symbol in list) and (symbol_pop in list):
      '''same priority'''
      symbol_stack.append(symbol_pop)
      symbol_stack.append(symbol)
      return
    elif symbol in list:
      '''symbol is smaller'''
      RPN_stack.append(symbol_pop)
      #recusion call
      comparePriority(symbol, RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
      return
    elif symbol_pop in list:
      '''symbol is bigger'''
      symbol_stack.append(symbol_pop)
      symbol_stack.append(symbol)
      return
    else:
      continue
    symbol_stack.append(symbol_pop)
    return
def scanEveryone(input_string, RPN_stack, symbol_stack):
  for ch in input_string:
    if ch.isdigit():
      RPN_stack.append(ch)
    else:
      if len(symbol_stack) > 0:
        if ch == '(':
          symbol_stack.append(ch)
        elif ch == ')':
          while True:
            symbol_pop = symbol_stack.pop()
            if symbol_pop == '(':
              break
            else:
              RPN_stack.append(symbol_pop)
        else:
          comparePriority(ch, RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
      else:
        symbol_stack.append(ch)
def scanInput(RPN_stack, symbol_stack):
  input_string = raw_input()
  input_string += '#'
  scanEveryone(input_string, RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
def calRPN(RPN_stack):
  value_stack = []
  RPN_stack.append('#')
  for value in RPN_stack:
    if value == '#':
      return value_stack.pop()
      break
    if value.isdigit():
      value_stack.append(value)
    else:
      right_value = value_stack.pop()
      left_value = value_stack.pop()
      cal_string = left_value + value + right_value
      value_stack.append(str(eval(cal_string)))
def main():
  RPN_stack = []
  symbol_stack = []
  scanInput(RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
  print calRPN(RPN_stack)
if __name__ == '__main__':
  main()

calRPN.py

# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-
symbol_priority = {}
symbol_priority[0] = ['#']
symbol_priority[1] = ['(']
symbol_priority[2] = ['+', '-']
symbol_priority[3] = ['*', '/']
symbol_priority[4] = [')']
def comparePriority(symbol, RPN_stack, symbol_stack):
  '''Compare priority between two symbols'''
  global symbol_priority
  if len(symbol_stack) > 0:
    symbol_pop = symbol_stack.pop()
  else:
    return
  for list in symbol_priority.values():
    if (symbol in list) and (symbol_pop in list):
      '''same priority'''
      symbol_stack.append(symbol_pop)
      symbol_stack.append(symbol)
      return
    elif symbol in list:
      '''symbol is smaller'''
      RPN_stack.append(symbol_pop)
      #recusion call
      comparePriority(symbol, RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
      return
    elif symbol_pop in list:
      '''symbol is bigger'''
      symbol_stack.append(symbol_pop)
      symbol_stack.append(symbol)
      return
    else:
      continue
    symbol_stack.append(symbol_pop)
    return
def scanEveryone(input_string, RPN_stack, symbol_stack):
  for ch in input_string:
    if ch.isdigit():
      RPN_stack.append(ch)
    else:
      if len(symbol_stack) > 0:
        if ch == '(':
          symbol_stack.append(ch)
        elif ch == ')':
          while True:
            symbol_pop = symbol_stack.pop()
            if symbol_pop == '(':
              break
            else:
              RPN_stack.append(symbol_pop)
        else:
          comparePriority(ch, RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
      else:
        symbol_stack.append(ch)
def scanInput(RPN_stack, symbol_stack):
  input_string = raw_input()
  input_string += '#'
  scanEveryone(input_string, RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
def calRPN(RPN_stack):
  value_stack = []
  RPN_stack.append('#')
  for value in RPN_stack:
    if value == '#':
      return value_stack.pop()
      break
    if value.isdigit():
      value_stack.append(value)
    else:
      right_value = value_stack.pop()
      left_value = value_stack.pop()
      cal_string = left_value + value + right_value
      value_stack.append(str(eval(cal_string)))
def main():
  RPN_stack = []
  symbol_stack = []

  scanInput(RPN_stack, symbol_stack)
  print calRPN(RPN_stack)
if __name__ == '__main__':
  main()

希望本文所述对大家的Python程序设计有所帮助。

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