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Android实现带字母索引的侧边栏功能

这篇文章主要介绍了Android实现带字母索引的侧边栏功能,需要的朋友可以参考下

之前已经用自定义View做出如下这样一个效果了

这里写图片描述

这两天需要重新拿来使用,发现效果虽然做出来了,不过思路不太对,就重新参考写了一个,用法也更为简单了

首要的自然是需要继承View绘制出侧边栏,并向外提供一个监听字母索引变化的方法

 /** * 作者:叶应是叶 * 时间:2017/8/20 11:38 * 描述: */ public class LetterIndexView extends View { public interface OnTouchingLetterChangedListener { void onHit(String letter); void onCancel(); } private OnTouchingLetterChangedListener touchingLetterChangedListener; private Paint paint; private boolean hit; private final String[] letters = {"↑", "A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G", "H", "I", "J", "K", "L", "M", "N", "O", "P", "Q", "R", "S", "T", "U", "V", "W", "X", "Y", "Z", "#"}; private final int DEFAULT_WIDTH; public LetterIndexView(Context context) { this(context, null); } public LetterIndexView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs) { this(context, attrs, 0); } public LetterIndexView(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) { super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr); paint = new Paint(); paint.setAntiAlias(true); paint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER); paint.setColor(Color.parseColor("#565656")); DEFAULT_WIDTH = dpToPx(context, 24); } @Override protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) { setMeasuredDimension(getWidthSize(widthMeasureSpec), getDefaultSize(getSuggestedMinimumHeight(), heightMeasureSpec)); } private int getWidthSize(int widthMeasureSpec) { int widthMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec); int widthSize = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec); switch (widthMode) { case MeasureSpec.AT_MOST: { if (widthSize >= DEFAULT_WIDTH) { return DEFAULT_WIDTH; } else { return widthSize; } } case MeasureSpec.EXACTLY: { return widthSize; } case MeasureSpec.UNSPECIFIED: default: return DEFAULT_WIDTH; } } @Override public boolean dispatchTouchEvent(MotionEvent event) { switch (event.getAction()) { case MotionEvent.ACTION_DOWN: hit = true; onHit(event.getY()); break; case MotionEvent.ACTION_MOVE: onHit(event.getY()); break; case MotionEvent.ACTION_UP: case MotionEvent.ACTION_CANCEL: hit = false; if (touchingLetterChangedListener != null) { touchingLetterChangedListener.onCancel(); } break; } invalidate(); return true; } @Override protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) { if (hit) { //字母索引条背景色 canvas.drawColor(Color.parseColor("#bababa")); } float letterHeight = ((float) getHeight()) / letters.length; float width = getWidth(); float textSize = letterHeight * 5 / 7; paint.setTextSize(textSize); for (int i = 0; i  

在侧边栏时,中间会显示当前滑动指向的字母,这其实是一个TextView,在主布局文件中添加,通过IndexControl来控制TextView的可见性,并指示ListView滑动到指定项

 /** * 作者:叶应是叶 * 时间:2017/8/20 11:39 * 描述: */ public class IndexControl { private final ListView listView; private final TextView tv_hint; private final Map letterMap; public IndexControl(ListView contactsListView, LetterIndexView letterIndexView, TextView tv_hint, Map letterMap) { this.listView = contactsListView; this.tv_hint = tv_hint; this.letterMap = letterMap; letterIndexView.setOnTouchingLetterChangedListener(new LetterChangedListener()); } private class LetterChangedListener implements LetterIndexView.OnTouchingLetterChangedListener { @Override public void onHit(String letter) { tv_hint.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE); tv_hint.setText(letter); int index = -1; if ("↑".equals(letter)) { index = 0; } else if (letterMap.containsKey(letter)) { index = letterMap.get(letter); } if (index <0) { return; } index += listView.getHeaderViewsCount(); if (index >= 0 && index  

这里也提供代码下载:LetterIndexView

总结

以上所述是小编给大家介绍的Android 实现带字母索引的侧边栏功能,希望对大家有所帮助,如果大家有任何疑问,欢迎给我留言,小编会及时回复大家的!

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