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LinuxFedora14下采用代理时yum命令失效问题解决方法

错误:Error:Cannotretrieverepositorymetadata(repomd.xml)forrepository:updates-released.Pleaseverifyitspathandtryagain。(1)修改/etc/yum.repos.d下面的Fedora.repo如下:[fedora]name=Fedora$rel

错误:

Error: Cannot retrieve repository metadata (repomd.xml) for repository: updates-released . Please verify its path and try again。

(1)修改/etc/yum.repos.d下面的Fedora.repo如下:

[fedora]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/os/
#mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=fedora-$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=1
metadata_expire=7d
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-$basearch

[fedora-debuginfo]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Debug
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/$basearch/debug/
#mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=fedora-debug-$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=1
metadata_expire=7d
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-$basearch

[fedora-source]
name=Fedora $releasever - Source
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/fedora/releases/$releasever/Everything/source/SRPMS/
#mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=fedora-source-$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=1
metadata_expire=7d
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-$basearch

(2)修改et c/yum.repos.d下面的fedora-updates.repo 如下:

[updates]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Updates
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/fedora/updates/$releasever/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=updates-released-f$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-$basearch

[updates-debuginfo]
name=Fedora $releasever - $basearch - Updates - Debug
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/fedora/updates/$releasever/$basearch/debug/
#mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=updates-released-debug-f$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-$basearch

[updates-source]
name=Fedora $releasever - Updates Source
failovermethod=priority
#baseurl=http://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/fedora/updates/$releasever/SRPMS/
#mirrorlist=https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=updates-released-source-f$releasever&arch=$basearch
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-$basearch

(3)设置/etc/yum.conf文件,添加红色部分

[main]
cachedir=/var/cache/yum/$basearch/$releasever
keepcache=0
debuglevel=2
logfile=/var/log/yum.log
exactarch=1
obsoletes=1
gpgcheck=1
plugins=1
installonly_limit=3
color=never
proxy=http://192.168.3.119:8081    (我的代理ip和端口号)

#  This is the default, if you make this bigger yum won't see if the metadata
# is newer on the remote and so you'll "gain" the bandwidth of not having to
# download the new metadata and "pay" for it by yum not having correct
# information.
#  It is esp. important, to have correct metadata, for distributions like
# Fedora which don't keep old packages around. If you don't like this checking
# interupting your command line usage, it's much better to have something
# manually check the metadata once an hour (yum-updatesd will do this).
# metadata_expire=90m

# PUT YOUR REPOS HERE OR IN separate files named file.repo
# in /etc/yum.repos.d
~   

(4)设置网卡的域名服务器ifcfg-eth0

vim /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

DEVICE=eth0
HWADDR=00:18:7D:08:CB:F0
NM_CONTROLLED=yes
ONBOOT=yes
IPADDR=192.168.3.253
BOOTPROTO=none
NETMASK=255.255.255.0
TYPE=Ethernet
GATEWAY=192.168.3.1
IPV6INIT=no
USERCTL=no
PREFIX=24
DNS1=XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX

然后就可以#yum install 了~        

吐了个 "CAO" !
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